Best Glomerulonephritis Doctor in Delhi/NCR
Delhi | Gurgaon | Rewari | Sonipat | Panipat
What is Glomerulonephritis?
Glomerulonephritis is the inflammation of the glomeruli present in the kidney, responsible for the filtration of blood. The glomerulus functions by filtering the blood and letting the waste products and extra water pass through the urine. It keeps the healthy blood cells and the proteins in the bloodstream. But due to the inflammation that happens when one is affected with glomerulonephritis, proteins and blood cells are lost through the urine. This is accompanied by extra retaining of water in the body, causing oedema.
Glomerulonephritis: cause and symptoms
The most common cause of glomerulonephritis is the failure and problems of the immune system of the body. If the immune system gets hyperactive, it can easily trigger and attack the glomeruli, causing them to inflate.
Some of the significant causes of glomerulonephritis are-
1. Infections: Infections can cause the body to respond abnormally, triggering the immune system to get hyperactive, leading to glomerulonephritis. If the body produces extra antibodies due to an infection, these excessive antibodies can accumulate in the glomeruli, causing inflammation.
2. Immunity failure: One of the leading causes of glomerulonephritis is an autoimmune disease. Lupus, IgA Nephropathy, and Goodpasture disease are some examples of diseases that can cause glomerulonephritis.
3. Medication: Certain medications can also cause an adverse effect on the body, leading to glomerulonephritis.
4. Vasculitis: Inflammation of blood vessels due to polyarthritis and granulomatosis can also, cause glomerulonephritis.
5. Genetic: This is unfortunate, but glomerulonephritis can also run in the family.
Some of the common symptoms of glomerulonephritis are-
1. Haematuria: This is the leaking of blood in urine during urination and is a significant symptom of glomerulonephritis
2. Oedema: Due to protein loss through the urine, water can easily leak from your blood vessels and get retained in the tissues, causing the body to swell up.
3. Hypertension: If your kidney is functioning correctly and that certain hormones are not secreting, it can lead to hypertension or high blood pressure. This is a common symptom of glomerulonephritis.
4. Excessive fatigue: Due to blood loss through urine, symptoms like anaemia can manifest in the body, causing extreme fatigue and loss of energy
5. Proteinuria: If the kidney filtration system is altered, it can lead to an excess amount of protein flowing through the urine. This can cause frothiness in the urine.
How do doctors diagnose glomerulonephritis?
There are several ways doctors diagnose glomerulonephritis in a patient. Here are some of the standard tests that are done-
1. Blood tests
2. Urine tests
3. Kidney biopsy
4. Imaging technique
5. Diagnosis for the cause
If the kidneys filtration fails, then the glomerulus gets inflated in the kidneys and can lead to glomerulonephritis.
Our Locations: Delhi | Gurgaon | Rewari | Sonipat | Panipat